According to NOAA predictions, a solar storm might happen in two days due to solar particles that were generated during a magnetic filament eruption and are traveling toward Earth.
For almost two weeks, the Sun was silent. This was a first for 2023, a year marked by a lot of solar storms, solar flare explosions, and solar wind waves. The longest time without any Earth-directed solar activity prior to today was really one week in April. On August 23, a magnetic filament erupted on the Sun’s southwest limb, but now the Sun has reactivated. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has forecast that solar material that was emitted during the eruption will strike Earth on Sunday, August 27 and cause a solar storm.
According to a report by SpaceWeather.com, “A magnetic filament erupted near the sun’s southwestern limb on Aug. 23rd (movie). The debris might graze Earth’s magnetic field on Aug. 27th, according to NOAA models. A glancing blow could spark G1-class geomagnetic storms with auroras around the Arctic Circle”.
Arrival of a solar storm on August 27
According to the NOAA forecast, the storm will likely be a G1-class geomagnetic storm, which is regarded as being very mild. These solar storms may not be powerful enough to harm satellites or impact mobile networks, but they can still interfere with GPS signals and cause radio blackouts. If these CME clouds pick up solar winds along the way and combine with them to create terrible solar storms, things might get worse. In high latitude regions, auroras could also be visible.
However, the Earth’s problems are not yet over. A solar flare of the M1.4 class has erupted, according to a post made by Space Weather Live on its X account. The first M- class solar flare eruption occurred on August 23, and this one occurred three days later. Although the precise location of this flare is unknown, it’s thought that one of the many sunspot zones may have become unstable.
This implies that this location may also cause an X-class solar flare explosion in the days to come, which might send a deadly coronal mass ejection (CME) toward Earth.
Solar storm monitoring by NOAA’s DSCOVR satellite
Using its 2016-launched DSCOVR satellite, NOAA keeps tabs on solar storms and the Sun’s activities. The final analysis is then made after the recovered data has been processed by the Space Weather Prediction Center. On the temperature, speed, density, degree of orientation, and frequency of the solar particles, several observations are made.